D2I: Modeling Flash Floods in Egypt: the FlaFloM Project
Wednesday, September 29, 2010 - 5:00pm - 6:00pm
Innovation Center, Room 105, 2719 E 10th St, Bloomington, IN
Gamal El Afandi, Postdoctoral Fellow, D2I, PTI @ IU
Abstract: The Flash Flood Manager (FlaFloM) is financed by the LIFE fund of the European Union. FlaFloM is applied to Wadi Watier located in the South Sinai Governorate of Egypt. Two major project outcomes are presented in this paper: 1) Early-warning system for flash floods and 2) Potential damage maps. For the early warning system, chains of modeling components have been developed consisting of models for rainfall forecasting, rainfall-runoff modeling, hydraulic modeling and a warning system. Each component processes input data and consequently send the output to the following component. In case of a flash flood emergency, the final outcome of FlaFloM is a flood warning which is sent out to decision makers. Once a flash flood is forecasted, lead time is available for decision makers to respond and take actions to avoid (or minimize) damages and potential loss of life. For the development of potential damage maps, the output of the hydraulic model is combined with damage functions, socio-economic data and a land use map.
Keywords: Flash floods, early warning system, potential damage, rainfall forecasting, modeling
Bio: Gamal's main field of specialization is climate and climate change. His research activities include utilizing advanced Weather Research Forecast (WRF) model over North Africa to compare its output with reality in addition to studying the impacts of climate change on different sectors. PhD Meterology, University of Cairo, 2005; Graduate PhD Student, Georg-August-Universitat, Gottingen, Institute of Bioclimatology, Germany, 2001-2003; Masters of Science Meteorology, University of Cairo, 2000; Bachelor of Science, Physics, 1989, El Menoufia University, Egypt.